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There are many forms of loss a person can suffer due to the negligent actions of another. Through a civil lawsuit, individuals can seek compensation for property damage, personal injury, lost wages, lost earning capacity, loss of consortium, or even loss of a loved one.

A local attorney can help you understand the value of your claim, gather evidence, and negotiate a settlement on your behalf. Because laws vary by state, consider the service of a local firm. For example, an Orange County resident should consider the services of a personal injury law firm in Orange County, California, for easier engagement.

Read on to learn more about compensation in a personal injury lawsuit.

What are the Different Types of Compensation from a Personal Injury Claim?

1. Special Damages or Economic Damages

Special damages compensate victims for the monetary loss the plaintiff faced due to the incident. These expenses differ from one victim to another and are unique to each case.

The plaintiff can claim any amount for special damages, as there are no limits to the portion of compensation claimable. Below are several examples of special damages:

  • Lost wages and loss of future income
  • Lost earning capacity
  • Medical expenses
  • Future medical costs
  • Costs involving altered plans and canceled trips
  • Property damage

2. General Damages or Non-Economic Damages

These damages are designed to compensate victims for non-monetary or intangible loss caused by the incident. Below are several examples of general damages.

  • Loss of consortium
  • Pain and suffering
  • Loss of enjoyment of life
  • loss of society
  • Mental anguish

3. Wrongful Death

For wrongful death, the damages are paid to the surviving family members of the victim. Below are some of the most familiar damages compensated after the death of a loved one through wrongful death:

  • Burial and funeral costs
  • Losing financial contributions
  • Loss of a companionship
  • The loss of services and support
  • Pre-death medical costs
  • Family members’ emotional stress

4. Punitive Damages

Punitive damages are applied to punish the defendant to discourage malicious or reckless behavior. The negligent act of the defendant usually involves malicious or despicable acts, and the plaintiff is usually awarded compensation for these acts.

Examples of such deeds include fraudulent behavior, sexual assault, aggravated battery, and other reprehensible acts. Courts often award punitive damages to injury lawsuits involving defective product manufacturers that subject their victims to health risks and would have likely put more people at risk if not punished accordingly.

5. Collecting Damages

Once a claim is ruled on and settled either inside or out of a court, the plaintiff is awarded a certain amount of compensation. They are then entitled to these funds; however, getting this far and even enforcing the payment can be a challenge.

It is up to the plaintiff’s lawyer to look into such matters by overseeing the collection process. They do this by garnishing the defendant’s wages, placing their property on liens, and uncovering their hidden assets.

However, if the defendant has liability insurance, their insurer might pay the settlement amount, but only within the policy limit.

Know All the Damages for Your Case

Most cases involve both general and special damages, with the most common compensatory damages being injury cases. These settlements are designed to restore the victims’ financial and living situations to the way they were before the accident.

Additionally, some of the compensatory damages are applied to deter the defendant from repeating similar reckless acts.